Diwali is known as dipawali or deepawali . It is a festivals of lamps and light .Why do we celebrate Diwali ? Every year it is celebrated in the month of October or November .Its celebration lasts for five days .The main question is Why do we celebrate diwali ? There are many reasons to celebrate Diwali . The main Reason to celebrates diwali are as follows :-
- 1 1. Goddess Lakshmi’s Birthday:
- 2 2. Lord Vishnu Rescued Lakshmi from demon king Bali:
- 3 3.Victory of Krishna over Narakasura:
- 4 4. The Return of the Pandavas:
- 5 5. The Return of Rama after 14 years of Exile:
- 6 6. Goddess Kali:
1. Goddess Lakshmi’s Birthday:
According to great Hindu scriptures the Goddess of wealth Lakshmi first incarnated on the new moon day (amaavasyaa) of the Kartik month during the churning of the ocean (samudra-manthan).She was wife of the God Vishnu . Goddess Lakshmi was the daughter of the king of the milky ocean.
The Hindu scriptures tell us that Devas (Gods) and Asuras (demons) were mortal (Mrita) . Seeking a deathless condition (Amarattva), they churned the ocean to seek Amrita, the nectar of immortality (an event mentioned in the Hindu scriptures. In this Goddess Lakshmi was appeared first time in the world .
She was married to Lord Vishnu on the same darkest night of the year and brilliant lamps were illuminated and placed in rows to mark this occasion. That’s why Hindus celebrate this days as the birth of the goddess Lakshmi and her marriage to Lord Vishnu on Diwali and seek her blessings for the coming year.
2. Lord Vishnu Rescued Lakshmi from demon king Bali:
On a Diwali day Lord Vishnu, in his fifth incarnation as Vaman-avtaara, rescued Lakshmi from the prison of Bali (a demon king) during the Treta Yug. According to The Bhagavata Purana (the most sacred Hindu text) , King Mahabali, was a powerful demon king who ruled the earth. He was powered by a boon granted by Lord Brahma. Bali was undefeatable and even Gods failed to defeat him.Because of boon Mahabali became violent in his ways with the Devas (Gods).
On insistence of other Gods , Lord Vishnu disguised himself as a short Brahmin and went to Bali for some charity. The generous King couldn’t refuse the Brahmin’s offer and was tricked into giving up his kingship and wealth . Thus Mahabali was defeated . Diwali marks this overcoming of Mahabali by Lord Vishnu as Vaman–avtaara and this is another reason why Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on Diwali.
3.Victory of Krishna over Narakasura:
On the day before Diwali, Lord Krishna killed the demon king Narakaasur of Pragjothispura . He had won both the heavens and earth, taking great pleasure in torturing . When Lord Vishnu was incarnated as Krishna in the Dwapara Yuga, he killed Narakasura on the day before Diwali and rescued 16,000 women whom the demon had imprisoned in his palace.
This celebration of this freedom remain for two days including the Diwali day as a victory festival: The freedom from the terrible Narakasura was celebrated with much enjoyment , a tradition that continues to this day.
4. The Return of the Pandavas:
According to the great Hindu epic ‘Mahabharata’ the Pandavas (Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva) appeared from their 12 years of exile as a result of their defeat in the hands of the Kauravas at the game of dice (gambling).On this day , it was ‘Kartik Amavashya’ (the new moon day of the Kartik month) .
The five Pandava brothers, their mother and their wife Draupadi returned ,to celebrate the joyous occassion of their return to Hastinapura and to welcome back them , the common people decorated their state by lighting bright earthen lamps everywhere. And the tradition is maintained to this day.
5. The Return of Rama after 14 years of Exile:
According to the great Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’ describes how Lord Ram (the incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the Treta Yug) conquered Lanka after kiling the evil King Ravana and after passing a period of fourteen years in exile returned to his capital Ayodhya on a new moon day of Kartik with wife Sita and brother Lakshman.
The people of Ayodhya lit up their houses with earthen lamps (diyas), and decorated the entire city in the grandest manner to celebrate their homecoming,. Year after year this homecoming of Lord Rama is commemorated on Diwali with lights, fireworks, bursting of crackers . The festival gets its name Deepawali, or Diwali, from the rows (avali) of lamps (deepa) that the people of Ayodhya lit to welcome their King.
6. Goddess Kali:
According to Hindu scriptures, long ago after the gods lost in a battle with the demons, Goddess Kali was born as Kal Bhoi Nashini (The first of the 10 avatars (incarnations) of Goddess Durga) from the forehead of Goddess Durga. She was said to be a personification of Nari Shakti (female power), Kali was born to save heaven and earth from the growing cruelty of the demons.
But after killing all the demons , uncontroled Kali started killing anyone who came her way which stopped only when Lord Shiva intervened. The well-known picture of Ma Kali, with her tongue hanging out, actually depicts the moment when she steps on the Lord and repents.
The main purpose of celebrating Kali Puja is to seek the help of the goddess in destroying evil both external and internal to us as also to get her blessings for general happiness, health, wealth, and peace. Ma Kali is mainly worshiped in Bengal .
7. Why do others religions celebrate Diwali
Special Day for the Arya Samaj (Swami Dayananda Saraswati ):
Diwali is a very auspicious occasion for the Aryas also . It also marks the auspicious occasion when on a new moon day of Kartik (Diwali day) Dayananda Saraswati , one of the greatest reformers of Hinduismin in 19th-century attained his nirvana (enlightenment) and became Maharshi Dayananda .Later in 1875, Maharshi Dayananda founded the Arya Samaj, “Society of Nobles”
Special Day for the Jains (Vardhamana Mahavira):
Mahavir Tirthankar attained his nirvana (enlightenment) on Diwali day on Oct. 15, 527 B.C.. He was the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankaras of the Jains and the founder of modern Jainism . Mahavira left his royal life and his family to become an ascetic, undertaking fasting and bodily mortifications. At the age of 43, he achieved the state of Kevala Jnanan and started teaching the philosophy of Jainism. This is one more reason to engage in Diwali celebrations for pious Jains
Special Day for the Sikhs:
For Sikhs also , Diwali holds a special significance .It was on a Diwali day that the third Sikh Guru Amar Das institutionalized the festival of lights as a Red-Letter Day . On this day all Sikhs would gather to receive the Gurus blessings . In 1577, the foundation stone of the Golden Temple at Amritsar was laid on Diwali. In 1619, the sixth Sikh Guru Hargobind, who was held by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, was released from the Gwalior fort along with 52 kings.
By reading the above text we can say why do we celebrate diwali ? Diwali is mainly celebrated by the Hindus as well as Sikhs and Jains. It is a festival of lights . Each religion has different reasons to celebrate Diwali .Here we have provided all information asked by you e.g. why do we celebrate diwali ? Hopping that these informations are valuable and useful for you.